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Ice Wine in Niagara-on-the-Lake

Ice wine, often referred to as “liquid gold,” is a unique and luxurious dessert wine that has captivated wine enthusiasts around the world. Niagara-on-the-Lake, with its picturesque vineyards and ideal climatic conditions, has become a premier destination for ice wine production.

What is Ice Wine?

Ice wine is a type of dessert wine produced from grapes that have naturally frozen on the vine. The freezing process concentrates the sugars and flavors in the grapes, resulting in a rich, sweet wine with high acidity. This balance of sweetness and acidity makes ice wine a perfect companion for desserts or a delightful treat on its own.

History of Ice Wine

The origins of ice wine trace back to Roman times, but it was in Germany where the modern production method was perfected in the late 18th century. Canada, particularly the Niagara region, has emerged as a global leader in ice wine production over the past few decades, thanks to its consistent cold winters which are crucial for the natural freezing of grapes.

The Unique Production Process

Producing ice wine is a labor-intensive and risky process. Here’s a step-by-step look at how this exquisite wine is made:

  • Harvesting: Grapes for ice wine are left on the vine well into winter, often until January. The ideal temperature for harvesting is at least -8°C (17.6°F). This ensures that only the water in the grapes freezes, while the sugars and other solids do not.
  • Pressing: The frozen grapes are harvested early in the morning and immediately pressed. The frozen water crystals remain in the press, yielding a small amount of highly concentrated juice.
  • Fermentation: The juice is then slowly fermented over several months to retain its natural sweetness and develop its complex flavors.
  • Aging: After fermentation, the wine is aged to allow the flavors to meld and mature, resulting in a harmonious balance of sweetness and acidity.

Why Niagara-on-the-Lake?

Ideal Climate

Niagara-on-the-Lake offers the perfect climatic conditions for ice wine production. The region’s cold winters are essential for the natural freezing of grapes, while the warm summers ensure that the grapes reach optimal ripeness before winter sets in.

Renowned Vineyards

The vineyards in Niagara-on-the-Lake are celebrated for their quality and expertise. Wineries such as Inniskillin and Peller Estates have garnered international acclaim for their exceptional ice wines. These vineyards use varieties like Vidal, Riesling, and Cabernet Franc, which thrive in the local climate and are ideal for producing ice wine.

Tourism and Wine Culture

Niagara-on-the-Lake is not just about wine production; it’s a vibrant destination for wine tourism. The region hosts several wine festivals, including the Niagara Icewine Festival, where visitors can sample a wide range of ice wines, enjoy gourmet food pairings, and participate in winery tours.

Top Wineries Producing Ice Wine in Niagara-on-the-Lake

Niagara-on-the-Lake is home to numerous wineries known for their exquisite ice wine. Here are some of the top wineries you should visit:

  1. Inniskillin Wines
  • Location: 1499 Line #3 at the Niagara Parkway, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0
  • Highlight: Known for its pioneering role in Canadian ice wine production, Inniskillin offers a variety of award-winning ice wines, including Vidal and Riesling.


  1. Peller Estates Winery
  • Location: 290 John St E, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0
  • Highlight: Peller Estates features a unique 10Below Icewine Lounge and produces a range of ice wines, including Cabernet Franc and Vidal.


  1. Reif Estate Winery
  • Location: 15608 Niagara Pkwy, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0
  • Highlight: Reif Estate Winery offers award-winning Vidal ice wine and provides guided tours and tastings.


  1. Konzelmann Estate Winery
  • Location: 1096 Lakeshore Rd, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0
  • Highlight: As Niagara’s only lakefront winery, Konzelmann specializes in Vidal and Riesling ice wines.


  1. Pillitteri Estates Winery
  • Location: 1696 Niagara Stone Rd, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0
  • Highlight: Pillitteri is known for its innovative use of grape varietals like Sangiovese and Shiraz to produce unique ice wines.


  1. Trius Winery
  • Location: 1249 Niagara Stone Rd, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0
  • Highlight: Trius offers a range of ice wines, including Cabernet Franc, and provides a picturesque setting for tastings.


  1. Jackson-Triggs Niagara Estate Winery
  • Location: 2145 Niagara Stone Rd, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0
  • Highlight: Known for its Reserve Cabernet Franc Icewine, Jackson-Triggs also offers an extensive range of table wines.


  1. Chateau des Charmes
  • Location: 1025 York Rd, St. Davids, ON L0S 1P0
  • Highlight: This family-owned winery produces excellent Vidal and Riesling ice wines and offers a variety of tour options.

Tasting and Pairing Ice Wine

How to Drink Ice Wine

To fully appreciate the complexity of ice wine, it should be served chilled at around 8-11°C (46-52°F). Use a tulip-shaped glass to enhance the wine’s aromas and flavors. Pour a small amount, filling the glass only halfway, to allow the wine to breathe and release its bouquet.

Pairing Suggestions

Ice wine pairs beautifully with a variety of desserts and cheeses. Here are some pairing ideas:

  • Fruit-based desserts: The high acidity of ice wine complements the natural sweetness of fruit tarts, pies, and compotes.
  • Rich desserts: Pairing ice wine with chocolate mousse, cheesecake, or crème brûlée creates a luxurious dessert experience.
  • Cheeses: Soft, creamy cheeses like Brie or blue cheese pair exceptionally well with the sweetness of ice wine, creating a delightful contrast of flavors.

The Economic Impact of Ice Wine

The production and sale of ice wine have a significant impact on the local economy of Niagara-on-the-Lake. The region attracts tourists from around the world, boosting local businesses, hotels, and restaurants. Additionally, ice wine exports contribute to Canada’s reputation as a leading producer of high-quality wines.


Ice wine is a testament to the skill and dedication of winemakers in Niagara-on-the-Lake. Its unique production process, exquisite taste, and the picturesque region make it a must-try for wine enthusiasts. Whether you’re a seasoned wine lover or new to the world of wines, a visit to Niagara-on-the-Lake to experience ice wine is an unforgettable journey into the heart of one of Canada’s most celebrated wine regions.

For more information on wine tours and events, visit our group daily tours and event and custom group tour pages. Join us at Grape & Wine Tours to sip, swirl, and savor the best of Niagara’s wine country!

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